Gynecomastia happens when the breast tissue in men or boys swells with glandular tissue, excess breast skin, and excess localized fat. It can affect one or both breasts.
Gynecomastia surgery (also known as male breast reduction or reduction mammaplasty) works by removing the excess breast tissue in order to form more desired contours for the chest wall.
Gynecomastia Treatment Duration:
The surgery can take between one to three hours, depending on the volume of tissue being removed and the techniques involved.
Recovery Time for Gynecomastia Surgery:
- You can revert to office work two or three days after the surgery.
- You can pursue physical work after ten days.
- A hospital stay for this surgery is one night.
- You can have non-chest workouts after two weeks and chest and high-intensity cardio workouts six weeks after the surgery.
Potential Risks and Side Effects for Gynecomastia Surgery:
When an expert surgeon performs gynecomastia surgery, it can be a joyous venture. But same as all surgeries, gynecomastia surgery may be followed by certain risks such as follows.
- Anesthesia reactions
- Bleeding or blood clots
- Asymmetrical Breast
- Irregularities in shape or contour of breasts
- Temporary or permanent changes in nipple or breast sensation
- Damage to blood vessels, nerves, muscles, or lungs
- Fat necrosis
- Unfavorable scarring
What are the causes of gynecomastia?
Both men and women have the hormones estrogen and Testosterone, which control secondary sex characteristics. While Estrogen controls breast growth, Testosterone is mainly responsible for male traits, such as body hair, muscle mass, and bone mass. In healthful men, the levels of Testosterone and Estrogen are balanced, but hormonal imbalances that lead to the reduction of Testosterone and the rise of Estrogen can lead to gynecomastia.
Swollen breast tissue in men can stem from taking certain medications, such as androgens and anabolic steroids, anti-androgens, calcium channel blockers, anti-anxiety medications, certain stomach medications, methadone, chemotherapy, AIDS medications, and some herbal supplements.
In general, any health condition that leads to a change in hormone levels can cause gynecomastia. However, in up to 25 percent of cases, the origin of the problem is unknown.